If you are new to gardening, the entire concept can be somewhat overwhelming. However,it can also be an enjoyable past time once in the know. It is difficult to draw up a plan immediately of how to make your gardens as beautiful as possible, as most gardens evolve over time, however, once you have learned a few tips and tricks, you will get a better idea of how you hope for your outdoor space to look. A single season should provide you with the experience you need to a garden you are proud of.
If you are a newbie to gardening, here are a few tips and tricks to start you off:
1. Plants need to be fed and watered
It is usually a huge misconception that plants need a great deal of water when they are first planted to get them to bloom quickly, however, that is usually not the case at all. Tiny seeds don’t need much water to start shooting up, so it would be best pour water in moderation. A few small cups per day should keep them well hydrated.
Believe it or not; plants also need food in order tosurvive, but rely on three main nutrients – nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Plants do retain these nutrientsfrom the soil itself but are used up in a very short space of time. In order to keep plants healthy, you should prepare the soil before planting and keep them fertilized.
2. Start small
It can be easy to look at your yard and feel too overwhelmed to get started, so it is always best to take one step at a timeso you don’t find yourself feeling completely disheartened. While you may not have too much spare time during the day to keep your garden maintained, it willof course need a little bit of care and attention every now and again. It would be advised to perhaps spend around 20-30 minutes per day feeding, watering and maintaining plants.
Those with little or no experience should start off with raised beds or planting in small containers, to monitor how long you spend maintaining plants on a daily basis. Next season, you may then choose to enlarge your gardening space if you believe you have managed without too much problem.
3. Find the light
One of the biggest mistakes of a newbie gardener is planting in shaded areas with very little sunlight. Find a space that isn’t completely covered by trees to allow your plants to retain asmuch light as possible. If not, you will find them looking extremely pale in coloror grow to be quite frail.
4. Designing the space
If you have recently moved to a new house and the garden is a complete wreck, you may be thinking of setting yourself the challenge of a complete re-design. You will be pleased to know that this is very doable, providing you follow a bit of professional advice or do your research beforehand to get to grips with the planning process.
For example, if you are choosing to build a path, ensure it’s wide enough to walk through, while patios and decking area should allow for enough entertainment space to seat your guests.
You may also wish to create something as simple as a rock garden which is an ideal way of disguising weeds. If you consider yourself fairly crafty,however, you could even construct your own garden structures to add a bit of a personal touch to the space. If you’re keen on DIY projects, follow this useful guide on how you can build your very own bird bath.
5. Know your area for choice of plants
Dependent on where you live in the USA, it would be ideal to research into the best plants or your outdoor spaceto suit the climate. For example, it wouldn’t be a good idea to purchase plants suited to warmer climates if you live in a colder state, and vice versa.
The United StatesDepartment of Agriculturedivided the US into different zones based on temperature. Therefore it’s worth knowing your zone,so you select suitable plants for the average temperature.
Test your soil
As mentioned, the success of your garden is heavily reliant on the soil, therefore it wouldn’t be realistic to plant seeds into existing soil and expect them to grow without issue. Although you can purchase your own testing kits to see whether the soil is at a good enough standard, it may be worth hiring a professional to give you the most reliable answer.
If you wish to buy your own kit, you’re likely notice the instructions on the back of the packet, but the results will take approximately 10 days to process. It should give a detailed list of the nutrients needed to make your soil more effective for growth, which means you can then add the recommended amendments such as lime, fertilizer and compost.
7. Keep up with the weeding
One of the most annoying aspects of gardening is arguably the weeding -even the smallest of unwanted plants can become a huge problem to tackle. You may find you have more sprout up if you’ve experienced frequent downpours and extended periods of daylight. If you are wondering how you will ever find the time to keep up with the weeding, you could try and prevent themto begin withby placing the likes of wood chippings, straw or grass clippings on top of the soil.
8. Understand the problems
If you notice that the leaves of plants are dying, it could simply mean that they are severely dehydrated, however in other cases, it may suggest something more serious, such as disease. Most plant diseases are 85% fungal, however there are many signs and signals to be aware of when it comes to understanding how to tackle plant disease. Here is a breakdown of what you should be looking for when it comes to detection.